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供应与需寻求:市场何以运转(经济学规律曼昆中

整理时间:2018-10-27 04:04 热度:°C

  The Market Forces of Supply and Demand 供应与需寻求的市场力气 Chapter 4 The Market Forces of Supply and Demand Supply and demand are the two words that economists use most often. Supply and demand are the forces that make market economies work. Modern microeconomics is about supply, demand, and market equilibrium. 供应与需寻求的市场力气 供应和需寻求是经济学家最日用的两个词。 供应和需寻求是让市场经济运转的力气。 当代当世微不清雅经济学坚硬是关于供应、需追言和市场顶消的学科。 Markets A market is a group of buyers and sellers of a particular good or service. The terms supply and demand refer to the behavior of people . . . as they interact with one another in markets. 市场 市场 是指某种品或劳动政的壹帮买进者与卖者的集儿子合。 供应与需寻求此雕刻两个术语是指人们在市场上彼此买进卖时的行为。 Markets and competition 市场与竞赛 Buyers determine demand. 买进者决议需寻求 A Competitive Market 竞赛市场 A competitive market is a market in which there are many buyers and sellers so that each has a negligible impact on the market price 竞赛市场——拥有很多买进者和卖者的市场,因此每壹个买进者或卖者对市场标价的影响邑却以忽略不计。 Competition: Perfect and Otherwise Products are the same Numerous buyers and sellers so that each has no influence over price Buyers and Sellers are price takers 竞赛: 完整顿及其它 产品是完整顿相反的。 买进者和卖者如此之多,伸致于没拥有拥有壹个买进者或卖者却以影响标价。 买进者和卖者邑是标价接受者。 Competition: Perfect and Otherwise Monopoly One seller, and seller controls price Oligopoly Few sellers Not always aggressive competition 竞赛: 完整顿及其它 据 壹个卖者,卖者决议标价。 鲜头 微少半几个卖者。 并不尽是己触动地终止竞赛。 Competition: Perfect and Otherwise 竞赛: 完整顿及其它 Demand 需寻求 Quantity demanded is the amount of a good that buyers are willing and able to purchase. 需寻求量是指买进者情愿同时却以购置的壹种品或劳动政的数。 Law of Demand 需寻求法则 The law of demand states that there is an inverse relationship between price and quantity demanded. 需寻求法则认为,标价与需寻求量之间的相干是负相干。 Demand Schedule 需寻求表 The demand schedule is a table that shows the relationship between the price of the good and the quantity demanded. 需寻求表 —— 体即兴壹种品的标价与需寻求量之间相干的表格。 Catherine’s Demand Schedule 凯瑟琳的需寻求表 Demand Curve 需寻求曲线 The demand curve is the downward-sloping line relating price to quantity demanded. 需寻求曲线——把标价与需寻求量联绕在壹道的向右下方倾歪的曲线。 Fig


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